Hot-stamping (metallic foil)
Transparent or frosted plastic cards Clear
card with Hot-stamping Ice
Color, Golden, silver and satin / matte black Paper-Plastic
card with scratch-off panels Sequential
or Random Numbering Blank
Plastic cards Smart
The IC card is also called " the integrated circuit
card ". Its integrated circuit is serial EEPROM.
Intelligent card, English name" Integrated Circuit
Card" or "Smart card". It was Frenchmen
Roland Moreno that invented it in 1974.
The card hits the integrated circuit as standard serial
Smart card contains electronic memory,
and possibly an embedded integrated circuit (IC). Smart
cards have two different types of interfaces. The contact
smart card and the contactless smart card. The contactless
smart card requires no contact with the reader. The
data can be transferred while the card is typically
only a few inches away from the reader. This means authentication
and data transfer is a lot faster.
Contact card smart card must be inserted
into a smart card reader. The reader transfers the information
to and from the chip, that is embedded in the card.
Contactless Smart Card makes it resistant
to attack as it does not need to depend upon potentially
vulnerable external resources. Because of this characteristic,
smart cards are often used in different applications
which require strong security protection and authentication.
Radio frequency identification (RFID)
is a generic term that is used to describe a system
that transmits the identity (in the form of a unique
serial number) of an object or person wirelessly, using
radio waves. A RFID system consists of an antenna and
a transceiver, which read the radio frequency and transfer
the information to a processing device , and a transponder
, or tag, which is an integrated circuit containing
the radio frequency circuitry and information to be
Mifare card is a type of RFID. Philips
developed Mifare MC1 1C S50, Mifare MC1 1C S70 to be
used in contactless smart card according to ISO/IEC14443A.
The Mifare system is designed for optimal user convenience.
The high data transmission rate allows transactions
to be handled in less than 100ms.